Eye Exams - Eye Conditions

examsA fully comprehensive eye exam will be performed taking up to 45mins. During this time we will check your vision and prescription, check how well your eyes work together and fully check the health of your eyes including checking for glaucoma, cataracts and other health conditions.

We have a range of testing equipment including a retinal camera, visual fields analyser, and a topographer to check the shape of the eyes. Occasionally we may need to schedule an extra appointment if further testing is required.

We will discuss the range of lens options available and help you select frames that you love. Unlike many places we are happy for you to reuse your frames if they are still suitable. It may not always be possible though if they are very old or there is a big change in your prescription requirements.

Astigmatism - Blurred Vision and Tired Eyes

Why do things look blurry?
Astigmatism is a very common focusing error of the eyes which causes blur. It is caused by the shape of the eye, usually due to the cornea’s surface or occasionally due to the eyes lens being tilted. Sometimes astigmatism can be inherited but it often happens as a normal characteristic of growth.

Read more: Astigmatism

What is glaucoma?


Glaucoma is an eye disorder in which the fluid pressure inside the eye causes
progressive damage to parts of the optic nerve. The pressure usually increases when
there is inadequate drainage of fluid from inside the eye. A gradual but permanent loss
of vision occurs unless the condition is treated.

Read more: Glaucoma

Myopia causes blurred vision.
 The most common problem for those who are shortsighted is difficulty seeing distant
 objects clearly. Some myopic children have never had clear distance vision and so 
are not aware of what they are missing. School vision screening will often detect
 myopia. Frowning and screwing up the eyes in an effort to see better is common and
 this may cause headaches. Short sighted children will sometimes hold reading
 material quite close. In their mid to late forties most people with perfect distance
 vision need reading spectacles, however many people with myopia can see close work
 clearly without them.

Read more: Myopia - Short sight

Cataracts and macular degeneration are two common eye conditions that cause vision 
deterioration in older people.
 As we get older many aspects of our vision change. Because of this, it is important to 
make regular visits to your optometrist. This is so your vision can be monitored.
 Cataracts and macular degeneration are two conditions that can affect an aging eye by
 substantially reducing vision. However, both affect your vision very differently. 
This page provides information about cataracts, macular degeneration, their
 possible effects and options available for corrective surgery.

Read more: Aging Eyes

Normal healthy, young eyes have a wide range of focus from far distance to a few
 centimetres. In a young eye the lenses are very flexible. Muscles within the eye have the 
ability to change the shape if the lens and by doing so, change its focus. This change
 happens so quickly that we don’t even know our eye is refocusing!

Read more: Presbyopia

What are Floaters?


Floaters (or spots) are particles which float inside the eye and cast shadows on the 
light sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (the Retina) reducing vision. Usually 
nothing more than a nuisance, floaters can result from eye disease or injury and need to
 be assessed by your optometrist.


Read more: Other eye conditions

Hyperopia means “longsight”.


A young “normal” eye looking into the far distance sees clearly without making any 
focusing effort. A hyperopic (longsighted) young eye looking into the far distance
 can only see clearly if the muscular focusing system inside the eye is used.
 A normal eye begins to use its focusing system as an object comes closer. A
long sighted eye has to make the same focusing effort for near work as a normal eye,
 but this is in addition to the effort it makes to keep distance vision clear.
 With hyperopia, a long sighted eye has to “work harder” than a normal eye at all
 distances.

Read more: Hyperopia - long sight

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